Following are excerpts of Dr. Darius Kuolis article "Pilietiskumos tevas, valstybingumo sargas" (1995) ["The Father of Citizenship, the Guardian of Statehood"] first published by the Samogitian Cultural Society in the book entitled Mikalojaus Dauksos Katekizmui 400 ["The 400th Anniversary of Mikalojus Dauksas Catechism"].
"Two schools of nationalism emerge in the cultural works of 16th century Lithuania: the political and the ethnocultural. In Latin, Lithuanian, and Polish texts of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, the Lithuanian, Samogitian, and Belarussian nations are regarded as citizens of Lithuanias political community. The Lithuanian nation is an ethnic society with common traditions, language, heritage, and historical fate. In propagating the ideology of national statehood, the
Lithuanian humanists of the Renaissance attempted to merge these two schools of thought."
"The works of Dauksa were in keeping with the political and cultural beliefs of his contemporary Lithuanian nobles and humanists. Dauksa created a complete, modern, national statehood project based on the national, political goals and ideas of the western European Renaissance.
The Lithuanian senator and Samogitian bishop Merkelis Giedraitis (c. 1536-1609),
educated in the Protestant universities of Koenigsberg, Wittenberg, Tuebingen, and
Leipzig, is doubtless among Dauksas inspirations. Giedraitis was termed the
second Christener of Samogitia who was a politician traveling along the
designated by Archduke Vytautas the Great. " "Merkelis Giedraitis, along with Mikalojus Dauksa, became benefactors of Motiejus Strijkovskis. In supporting the writing of Strijkovskis Kronika, Giedraitis turned Varniai into a resourceful Renaissance center of 16th century cultural and national ideology, which actively responded to the intellectual pursuits of western Europe. It is no coincidence that Varniai is the refinement site of ideas of a modern nation and a state based on native Lithuanian culture. It is on this foundation that the modern person forms a world-view."
"Dauksa, following the example of Italian, French, German, Polish, and Belarussian humanists, strongly suggested that the living Lithuanian vernacular replace the lingua franca Latin as the base for the Lithuanian state. Dauksa concurred with idea of Italian humanists (in Postiles introduction) that language is the essential springboard for the existence of a nation and state."
"Dauksa elevated not only his own nation by valuing the Lithuanian language as the bedrock for the development of a states citizens. This view also exalted the ideal of the Lithuanian person interconnected with the world community. The humanist of Varniai led the average citizen of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania to history, and urged this citizen to be a conscientious and responsible participant in this history."
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Cultural Association Editorial Board, 1998.
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